Umueri,Agulu-Idumae: Origins and Relationship


            Umueri-Igbo, Agulu-Idumae: Origins and Relationship
                                           By Chikwudi Onwuegbusi


The history of the contiguous communities of Umueri and Agulu people in Igboland has been a veiled one. The factors of religion, mental inability, lack of creative appreciation for meaning and immoral perversion for admiration and other self-suitable claims defined the written histories as infidelities. In this time of the Lord, destiny makes hallo! to those who trot out those legends.

Proclamation of facts is the subject of history and the criterion for accuracy but

concealing and twisting are abuse. All historical sources ended works on Igboland in speculations that they adopted the history of oral tradition. A general test on the much - published Eri as the founder of the whole people of Igbo with its many versions met with deficiencies and contributions of the respondents from Agulu Eri's and condemned it as a bleak tradition of the land. Its account of relationship between Agulu as Eri's first son and Iguedo or Adamgbo as his sister or half-sister and an ancestress of Umueri failed the mission.

The historical tradition of the two communities according to Umueri bespeak a collateral relationship. The version told that Umueri were the sons of Eri and they belonged to the union of communities called Umunri/Umunria/Umuria of the people known as Igbo while the counter-part were the descendants of Agulu, who sequel to their immigration and assimilation were known as Agulu Eri and a member-community of their union of communities of Edomana of a different line called Idume/Idumae. The Idumanian people of Agulu Eri ensued in the migration into the Omabala basin and they settled in Umueri-Igbo. The truth of this history depends on the records of the correct history of the places evidence will finally derive their origins.

Present prophetic approaches debouched the deciderata. The spectrum of visionary materials concluded that the two communities, respectively, originated from Hebrew and Edom/Idumae who had inter-ethnic relationship. The Jews came from four tribes of Judah, Levi. Gad and Benjamin. They entrained people from their land and the nations the spread through to this land. Therefore, the Canaanites, Arabs of Near east, Abyssinians of Ethiopia and the Fanankhe, otherwise, Kordofans of Sudan lived among them. They became known as Igbo, as the Germans called them and lived as four societies of Igbo, Igala, Bini, Edo and Yoruba and in other places of Africa.

They came into this land after the 5th C.BC in their spread. After they had settled, Igbos assimilated the Edomana people from the minority ethnicity called Idoma on the River Benue in the Middle Belt region from Edom/Idumae who fled from the executive forces of Judas Maccabees in 2nd C.BC. They handed down this adoption in gratification and history as 'Igbo aria m'. They went into other kingdoms.

Despite, these societies of Igbos organised as unions of communities of their ethnicities and had the characteristics of their races in history, culture and attitudes as bases of their understudies, the Edomites obtained abodes between the settled Igbos that the alternate pattern became a concept in the most part of northern Igboland. The Agulu - Idumae came into neighbourhood with the Umueri, yet were the disparate ethnic unions.

Both the revealed and sanctioned evidences of the extra services in the call saved the longing for the etymology of lgbo. Jews honoured God's call across the River Euphrates to the Holy land and referred to their first homeland as Everi (region beyond). Those settlers in the area applied Iberi to the people as the Jews applied Ibri to themselves (both meaning pertaining to Eber) which was known in Gentilic transliteration as Hebrew. All literal sources failed to discover the phenomenon or convention of development of Everi to Eber according to General Editor Merrill C. Tenney, Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary. As it is currently handled, there was another attribute to their first homeland as Eber (heartland of the world). Among the Igbos available literal translations of Everi and Eber disproved the phenomenon or convention for a development between the two words. Such literal data are Eveli, Evere, Ovesi and Ove for places or regions beyond a mark. Also Iba is the word for idea of nucleatiy. So Eber/Iba was/is the root for Iberi/Ibri which had the revealed influence of the Germans.

The Umueri who also lived as Agwu-Ukwu, Enugu-Ukwu, Nofia, Ora-Eri, Nando, Unubi, Awkuzu and Ogbunike Ezeagu, Nanka, Nnewi communities in Igboland and the Alkaleri, Eri's first son's descendants in Hausa and the Tiv on the River Benue were the Erites who had their necessary proofs from their tribal history in Hebrew. Firstly, some sister-clans of the Umueri which included Arodizogu, Arochukwu, Isuana, Agidi, Ezigbo and those of other three tribes making the Igbo continued to live together after separation as an independent group. The loyal, folksy and patient people couched like lion (cat) to raiders and divested them of the insigia at their point of stress as they demonstrated to Gilead (Deut. 33;20; Gen 49; 19; 1 chro. 5; 18) and the Umueri typified that record in attitudes and praised as 'Umueri Agu, i.e Umueri The Tigers' (cat). That Gadites led a major role of leadership and were barriers to the enemies to the east of Jordan in the Israeli wars remained in the tradition of her clan as 'Aro Di Izu Ogu/Aro Di Uzo Ogu.'

The accretions from the military roles of the Gadites (Nos. 32;22, Deut. 33;20-22)

constituted other identities of the Umueri. Gad had exoneration from the Lord and Israel that land was his gift for which the people glorified him in the by name, Aka Ogute/Diana (Lord of Land)' adopted in sub-groups naming as Umudiana in Umueri, Agu-Ukwu, Achala, Ihiala and others in the south of the land. As they chose the best of the land for himself, the abodes of their communities showed the concepts of first selection and form of the society. The tradition set the status of a commander apart for the people and was in Igbo title as Ochigha. In vesting rights to Gad, he took over the headship of all tribes and the custom established Umueri on the Igbo heartland with the tabernacle (Erwat Dabar which in transposition was Daba Awo in Igbo), the oracle of yearly prophecy (Ava Aro Chikwu) which regulated grouping, sustained religion and unity of the people. And their myths of deities were those of their mysteries of divine providence in Hebrew religion.

A past disparity in history of the two Jewish Kingdoms, after Biblical times, contributed a parity between the Israelites and some Igbos. The Assyrians had a tag of Bit Humria (the House of Omri) in their characteristic aspirate to Israel on exile after the King Omri known widely in all Asia, due to D.D. Luckenbill, Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylon, 1, 1926-27. In the soft initials of Igbo as their Hebrew brothers, that was 'Be Umunri/Umunria/Umuria' for Gadite Igbos and the Hebrew 'Be/Bet/Bi Omri' of the Northern Kingdom, Isreal. Lastly, the ethnic unions of communities had deities of their oneness in race and faith which were stone or land-cults called Iguedo or Anaedo that were in the later personification of the stocks. That was in Hebrew tradition as Ed (Jos. 22:10-34,34)

In the messianic attendance upon the descendants of Agulu for absolute proof of their origin, their heavenly confirmed evidences lay in their traditions of Agulu Idume and the ethnic union of Edomana - a usage for Edom's gift of the land of Seir - (Deut. 2:5) which were historical peculiarities of Esau; the relationship between the Umunri and Agulu Idume like that of Israel and Edom, the tradition of location of Agulu-Idume on the Igbo's route known as 'Agulu Uzo Igbo' as among their racial people in their other union of Igboland like Edom once on the Hebrews' route from Egypt to the promised land (Nu. 20:14- 17); The Igbos' meeting of the people framed 'Igbo Ezu Unu' in one of their journeys which was reminiscent to the Israelites coming into the Edomites in the same event; the myth of creation and fall of their ancestor on the highland of Chalk-stone, Eri' Dali n' 'Ugu Nzu' which best explained their early occupation of the heartland of Edom on Mount Seir and the wonders of its chalkstone constitution and the myths of deities which, unlike those of Hebrew religion, were Edomites' beliefs. Finally, the sons of Agulu were the curious neighbours of Umueri as Edom was at perpetual enmity with Israel.

The Bible made us to understand that races have socially lived under the tension of Esau and Jacob's history. From the age of their neigbourhood as Africans to the contemporary period their proverbial issues have proved those traits in the people. The loss of Apulu-Idume into Umueri was in God's consolidation of their dispersion and the tradition of so-not-hate-the-Edomite.

Thenceforth, the Umueri dominated them in socio-cultural aspects without inquisition from their Hebraism. However, the sons of Agulu rooted in Igbo society over the years that their Edomitism crystallised alienation of their brothers in the act of discrimination from the beginning of Westernization. The activities of westernisation amplified ground, than neighbourhood, and set in legal disputes, wars, virifications, clannishness, confederation, exploitations and other disturbances to the Erites which returned the status quo ante in the name of prophet Obadiah. For the meantime all contact routes have been cut off till their day of fates.

Culled From This Day Newspaper of 30 November 2001


Umueri(Mispronounced Umuleri)

Anambra East LGA of Anambra State.

His Royal Highness
(Traditional Ruler)

H.R.H Igwe Sir Ben Emeka
Igwe Okebo II of Umueri

His Majesty
(Traditional Prime Minister)

HRM Mike ekweonu
Onowu Iyasele  of Umueri

P.G Umueri General
Assembly (UGA)

Hon. Pius Okonkwo
(President General, U.G.A)


Ekwe, Iyom,Nne-

Est. 155,000.00

business,Crafts & Arts etc